Osteoarthritis vs. Rheumatoid Arthritis. Non-Surgical vs. Surgical Treatment Plans. Get Experts Opinions.

April 28, 2019
G2 Orthopedics

Bone marrow edema in the knee

Arthritis can be one of the most common causes of knee and hip pain, it typically affects patients with age. Arthritis is a general term for a condition that affects the joints and surrounding tissues. Joints are places in your body where the bones come together for example; knees, wrists, shoulders, fingers, toes, and hips.

The two common types of arthritis are:

  • Osteoarthritis (sometimes referred as “wear-and-tear” arthritis)
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

Dr. Vic Goradia at G2 Orthopedics and Sports Medicine offers non-surgical and surgical treatments for arthritis sufferers. See what you’d be the best candidate for. Book an appointment here.

The main difference between the two types of arthritis is that osteoarthritis is a painful degenerative joint disease that often involves hips, knees, neck, lower back or small joints of the hands. While rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune inflammatory disease that involves various joints: fingers, thumbs, wrists, elbows, shoulders, knees, feet, ankles.

Osteoarthritis is known as the most common form of arthritis among older individuals and is one of the most frequent causes of physical disability among older adults. Osteoarthritis occurs when cartilage (tissue that cushions the ends of the bones within the joints) breaks down and wears away. This results in the bones rubbing together, causing a grinding sensation. The most common symptoms of knee and hip arthritis include:

  • Pain with activities
  • Limited range of motion
  • Locking or sticking of the joint

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune inflammatory disease that involves various joints such as the fingers, thumbs, wrists, elbows, shoulders, knees, feet, and ankles. An autoimmune disease is where the body releases enzymes that attack its own healthy tissues. In regard to rheumatoid arthritis, the enzymes destroy the linings of the joints which may cause pain, swelling, stiffness, malformation, and reduced movement and function. With rheumatoid arthritis, studies have found there is an increased risk of bone loss and fracture in individuals living with rheumatoid arthritis.

Most people with arthritis would use pain management strategies initially, and many have benefitted greatly from exercise programs that include physical therapy and rehabilitation.  At G2 Orthopedics and Sports Medicine Dr. Goradia and Dr. Budny offer different types of treatment, such as non-surgical and surgical treatments. There is non-invasive treatment such as diet and exercise; physical therapy to help promote flexibility and strength; and medications, alongside different types of injections.

Another treatment option is surgical for more serious cases of knee and hip arthritis, Dr. Goradia can review non-surgical and surgical treatment options and recommend the best treatment plan for you.

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